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The Log of Social Psychology
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The Capacity to Be Alone as a Stress Buffer
Reed Larson & Meery Shelter
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Section of Human and Community Development, School of Illinois, Urbana/Champaign, USA Version of record initial published: 01 Jul 2010.
To refer to this article: Reed Larson & Meery Lee (1996): The Capacity to Be Only as a Pressure Buffer, The Journal of Social Mindset, 136: 1, 5-16 To link to this information: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00224545.1996.9923024
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The Diary of Interpersonal Psychology. 1996. /36(1). 5-16
The Capacity to Be Alone as a Stress Buffer
REED LARSON MEERYLEE Division ofHuman and Community Development University of Illinois, Urbana/Champaign
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ABSTRACT. The hypothesis that the ability to pleasantly spend and use time alone is actually a buffer against effects of pressure, comparable to social support, was examined. A 20-item instrument originated to evaluate the capacity to be by itself (Winnicott, 1958) and was then administered by cell phone survey to 500 U. S. adults. Findings differed for two proportions of the capacity to be alone. Reported comfort in being exclusively was identified to be linked to lower depressive disorder, fewer physical symptoms. and greater pleasure with existence. Reported capability to use period alone to manage stress had not been related to health and wellness. Neither dimension showed the expected conversation with anxiety, and people who have high pressure who reported high solo coping showed greater weeknesses on one sizing of well-being, suggesting this coping design may indicate maladjustment.
EXPERTS HAVE DESIRED to identify safety mechanisms which could buffer people from the negative effects of stress. This work has constantly indicated that social support is among the buffering components: People who have by least a single person in which they can confide appear to be fewer vulnerable to the effect of tension (Cohen & Wills, 1985). Not everyone, however , provides access to this kind of a confidant (Hansson, Jones, & Carpenter, 1984), nor are tries to seek support from others always successful (Jung, 1989). Furthermore, maintenance of a social media of potential confidants might have costs as well as rewards (Rook, 1984), and extented reliance upon others can lead to " caretaker burnout" (Cantor, 1983). Instead of relying on other folks, some individuals make an attempt to deal with anxiety through strategic seclusion from social contact-through spending time only in expression and self-soothing activities (Repetti, 1989; Rubenstein & Shaver, 1982). In the 18th 100 years, Rousseau (1778/1979) wrote, " The habit of heading off into me personally eventually made me immune to the ills that beset me" (p. 35). ScholAddress messages to Reed...
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The Record of Sociable Psychology
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Received March several, 1995