* 1 . Competitive Strategy Of Nokia [Individual Assignment] * 2 . Advantages: The basic question in the case of strategic management is how organisations achieve and…...Read
The Great Mosque of Cordoba
The Great Mosque of Cordoba can be seen as " the earliest extant example of Andalusi architectural culture”[i]. The Mezquita's background begins using its initial beginning and assemblage in the late eighth-early ninth hundred years, continuing into its expansions in the tenth century, culminating in the unexpected welded of ideology in the sixteenth century. " As the premier batiment of al-Andalus, the Cordoba mosque symbolizes the history from the Iberian peninsula from its Islamic takeover in 711 through successive stages of Umayyad and post-Umayyad dominion and beyond. Following the fall of Cordoba in 1236, the mosque was preserved while the database of Castillian Spain's signs of victory, to become a source of aesthetic and architectural creativity that was eventually moved to the Fresh World”[ii]. The mosque lies for the foundations of the former Christian Visigothic church, believed to had been started in six-hundred A. D. Built in a Spain underneath Moorish guideline, the construction from the actual Mezquita, formally the " Aljama Mosque, ” began between 784-786 A. D during the reign of 'Abd al-Rahman I[iii]. Rahman created the mosque as an adjunct to his palace, naming it in honor of his wife. Expansions, just like commissioning a new minaret to enlarging house entirely, most notably occurred underneath the reigns of 'Abd al-Rahman II between 833-852 A. D, al-Hakam II among 961-976 A. D, and the vizier al-Mansur from 987 A. D.
Because the Moorish rule vacation was stopping, Cordoba was conquered. For this reason, in 1236, Ferdinand III, the ruler of Castile, blessed the Mezquita since the city's cathedral instead. For the next three hundred years, only relatively minimal changes were created to the building. In the early on sixteenth 100 years, the Mezquita under went historically significant changes. The Bishop and Canons in the cathedral planned to demolish the mosque in order to build a fresh cathedral; however , " the opposition from the townspeople to the proposed devastation of the building led to the unprecedented decision, endorsed by the Holy Both roman Emperor Charles V, to insert an entire Gothic ‘chapel' into the very heart of the former Great Mosque”[iv]. The result is a controversial theological juxtaposition: as a result of the center in the low, massive, mosque are the forms of a Gothic cathedral.
The truly great Mosque is created in an " open-plan” form: " this design was your most ancient and the original plan in the great 9th century mosque at Cordoba is an admirable illustration”[v]. The " open-plan” form implies that part of the rectangle-shaped structure can be left open in a courtyard, in this case the Patio de Naranjos, while the other part is roofed. The Mosque was designed to property prayer during all periods and elements, " providing a shelter from your cold and wet and an area intended for hot weather”[vi]. The covered section is a hypostyle hall, that means its roof structure is in the mind on lines of columns[vii]. " Any four nearby columns build a bay, which is the module for the whole for the reason that bay is usually added to bay to allow infinite growth in a direction”[viii]. The places between the content create ‘aisles' that extend from the entrance to the considerably wall, focusing how long the mosque operates end to finish: " In the open-plan, with its aisles and bays extending on the sides, it is the limitlessness of space that is emphasized”[ix]. This kind of notion reaches up to the exterior courtyard, the Deck de Naranjas, where the rows of trees selected and planted serve to build a visual evaluation and extension of the great rows of columns found inside.
The alternating white and red striped double arcades of piers and arches create a striking visual effect, emphasizing the peak of the corridor. The use of this kind of arches and piers, including the color choices of red and white, happen to be associated with additional Umayyad monuments, showing Aba al-Rahman's link with the established Umayyad tradition [x]. The mix of the curve and content as well as " the inspiration of their...
Cited: Anderson, Glair M. and Mariam Rosser-Owen. Returning to Al-Andalus: Views on the Materials Culture of Islamic Iberia and Past. Leiden, Holland: Koninklijke Brill NV. 3 years ago
Davies, L. G
Khoury, Nuha. 1996. " This is of the Great Mosque of Cordoba inside the Tenth 100 years. " Muqarnas 13, 80-98.