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Southern region India and Maharashtra

 Essay about South India and Maharashtra

 is a state inside the western location of India. It really is the second the majority of populous state after Uttar Pradesh and third most significant state by simply area in India. Maharashtra may be the wealthiest state in India, contributing 15% of the country's industrial result and 13. 3% of its GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT. Maharashtra is usually bordered by simply the Arabian Sea to the western,  Gujarat and the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the southwest,  Madhya Pradesh to the north and northeast,  Chhattisgarh to the east,  Karnataka to the southern,  Andhra Pradesh to the southeast and Goa to the southwest. The state covers the of 307, 731 km2 (118, 816 sq mi) or on the lookout for. 84% with the total physical area of India.  Mumbai, london of the express, is India's largest city and the economic capital with the nation. Maharashtra is the world's second most populous first-level management country sub-division. Were this a country in its very own right, Maharashtra would be the world's twelfth many populous country ahead of Philippines. Etymology

The modern Marathi language developed from the Maharashtri Prakrit,[7] and the word Marhatta (later used for the Marathas) is found in the Jain Maharashtri literature. The conditions Maharashtra, Maharashtri, Marathi and Maratha may possibly have based on the same main. However , their very own exact etymology is doubtful.[8] The most widely accepted theory among the students is that the words Maratha and Maharashtra in the end derive by a substance of Maha (Sanskrit intended for " great" ) and rashtrika.[8] The word rashtrika is a Sanskritised contact form of Ratta, the name of any tribe or maybe a dynasty of petty chiefs ruling in the Deccan region.[9] Another theory is that the term is derived from Maha (" great" ) and rathi or ratha (great chariot driver), which in turn refers to a skillful upper fighting push that moved southward in to the area.[9][10] History

The Nashik Gazetteer states that in 246 BC Maharashtra is mentioned as one of the areas to which Mauryan emperor Asoka sent an charge, and it is registered in a Chalukyan inscription of 580 VOTRE as which includes three pays and 99, 000 villages.[11][12] The term Maharashtra as well appeared within a 7th-century exergue and in the account of your Chinese traveler,  Hiuen-Tsang.[11] In 90 AD Vedishri,[13] son of the Satavahana king Satakarni, the " Lord of Dakshinapatha, wielder of the uncontrolled wheel of Sovereignty", made Junnar, thirty mls north of Pune, the capital of his kingdom. It had been also reigned over by Kharavela,  Satavahana dynasty,  Western Satraps,  Gupta Empire,  Gurjara-Pratihara,  Vakataka,  Kadambas,  Chalukya Disposition,  Rashtrakuta Empire, and Western Chalukya before Yadava secret. Maharashtra was ruled by Maurya Disposition in the 4th and 3 rd century BC. Around 230 BCE Maharashtra came under the rule of the Satavahana dynasty which ruled the region for 4 hundred years.[14] The best ruler in the Satavahana Empire was Gautamiputra Satakarni. The Chalukya dynasty ruled Maharashtra through the 6th century to the eighth century as well as the two dominant rulers were Pulakesi II, whom defeated the north Indian Emperor Harsha and Vikramaditya II, who conquered the Arabic invaders inside the 8th century. The Rashtrakuta Dynasty ruled Maharashtra from the 8th to the 10th hundred years.[15] The Arab traveler Sulaiman referred to as the leader of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty (Amoghavarsha) as " one of the 4 great nobleman of the world".[16] From the early eleventh century towards the 12th century the Deccan Plateau was dominated by the Western Chalukya Empire and the Chola dynasty.[17] Several fights were battled between the American Chalukya Empire and the Chola dynasty inside the Deccan Level of skill during the dominates of Raja Raja Chola We,  Rajendra Chola I,  Jayasimha II,  Somesvara I and Vikramaditya MIRE.[18] In the early 14th century the Yadava empire, which reigned over most of present-day Maharashtra, was overthrown by the Delhi Sultanate ruler Ala-ud-din Khalji. Later on,  Muhammad rubbish bin Tughluq conquered parts of the Deccan, and temporarily shifted his capital by Delhi to Daulatabad in Maharashtra. After the collapse in the Tughlaqs...

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